Label: Move Records
Cat. No.: MD3399
No. Discs: 2
This music CD and performance DVD is a celebration of Patanjali Yoga-Sutra in music and asana (2015) composed by Michael Kieran Harvey who also plays various keyboards, Arabella Teniswood Harvey (piano) and Eugene Ughetti (percussion).
The trio Patanjali is a musical interpretation of Patanjali classical treatise on the yogic understanding of mind and consciousness, as syncretized in Dr von Caemmerers book Pieces of 8 versions of Patanjali Yoga-Sutra.
A catalogue of yoga asanas (yoga postures) was performed live by Dr von Caemmerer, his tribute to Yogacharya Sri BKS Iyengar (1918- 2014). Accompanying these asanas was a trio of instrumentalists performing the score.
The music does not seek to follow any particular fashion, whether it be a post-modern deconstruction of The Yoga-Sutra or a faithful transcription of Indian music into a Westernised context, but instead is a personal response to the wealth of ideas and structural inspiration inherent in the texts. The stylistic contrasts within the cycle are therefore deliberately extreme.
The interaction within the work between acoustic and electronic sounds is a metaphor of the dominance of the latter over the former in Western societies, and increasingly in developing societies.
The complete text of The Yoga-Sutra was used as a template for opening out musical possibilities that may or may not be complete in themselves. This idea reflects the multiple interpretational possibilities of the Sanskrit texts into English as evidenced in Pieces of 8. The proportions of the groupings of the sutras generate the entire musical parameters of the work, from the opening chords to the closing interference pattern. The approach to interpretation of the texts is of constant variation, in the manner of the hermeneutic circle, where interpretation and the music itself are in constant exchange, defying definitive resolution.
Central to the understanding of the Yoga sutras are the following concepts, grouped in fives, which give the composition its formal skeleton of five movements:
1 Five Tanmatra the infra-atomic potentialities of: smell, taste, sight, touch and hearing;
2 Five Bhuta the gross and great elements: earth, water, fire, air and space;
3 Five Kosas the sheaths: structural, physiologic, mental/emotional, intellectual, spiritual;
4 Five Jnanendriya the senses of perception: nose, tongue, eyes, skin and ears;
5 Five Karmendriya the organs of action for: prehension/manipulation, locomotion, communication, generation and excretion;
6 Five Vrittis the fields of cogitation: valid knowledge, erroneous knowledge, imagination, sleep and memory;
7 Five Klesas the sources of affliction: ignorance, egoism, attachment, aversion and the fear of extinction;
8 Five Yogic Vitamins (Iyengar) the aids to practice: trust, fortitude, recollection, meditative absorption and insight;
9 Five Yama the components of external discipline: non-violence, truthfulness, not stealing, moderation and absence of grasping;
10 Five Niyama the components of internal discipline: clarity, contentment, application, investigation and surrender.
As can be seen, the number five is of deep significance in the taxonomy of qualities according to The Yoga Sutra. It is perhaps not coincidental that there are five fingers on the human hand, and ten in total. The entire work has a duration of 50 (5x10) minutes, within which the durations of the individual movements 14 are in proportion to the structure of the groupings of the sutras in Pieces of 8. The last movement is an ecstatic dance, an active mandala or concluding meditation on the sutras, which takes the real-time duration of the cycle to a multiple of five (in this case 50 minutes, once short breaks between movements are taken into account).
The asanas were not choreographed to the music, nor was the music composed with the specific asanas in mind that were used in the premiere performances. There were practical as well as artistic reasons for this: complete artistic freedom to react to the music was granted to Arjun von Caemmerer as his expertise as a yoga practitioner demanded such respect. Also, avoidance of injury and the question of stamina during the 50-minute work were considerations of high priority. However, the sequence of postures was carefully conceived over many months to coincide with the computer mock-up of the work, hence the precise timings required in performance. If the work is to be performed without the asanas, then these timing restrictions may be relaxed. The effect of the music with the visual aspect of the asanas was designed to offset any preconceptions about what an appropriate accompanying musical score should sound like. It was hoped that a more surprising and unconventional outcome would ensue with the combination of these disparate elements of a Western art music score with the traditional Indian asanas.
The motivation behind the composition of Patanjali arose from a desire to offer another interpretation of The Yoga-Sutra, framing the ancient text within the Western art-music tradition. The structure of The Yoga- Sutra therefore became re-interpreted as a purely instrumental musical structure. This response was in the manner of the hermeneutic circle, as expressed in fragment 181 of Nietzsche's The Will to Power (1901), where the positivism which halts at phenomena is refuted in the proclamation: No, facts is precisely what there is not, only interpretations.
Music therefore becomes another method of interpretation of these texts, at once looking at the whole 196 sutras in their translated forms as the book Pieces of 8, through the various four padas or chapters, down to the individual sutras, and even further (in movement two) to the level of the individual syllables of the sutras.
The CD is an edit and re-mix from two live performances in Hobart, January 2015. The DVD is one of those performances complete. This is a double-disc for the price of one disc.